Morni Wildlife: Indian Wild Boar

Indian Wild Boar (Sus Cristatus Wagn.) is a relatively large boar that can reach 3 feet height at the shoulder and can weigh nearly 150 Kg. The coat is black-grey and is sparse. The mane is heavier. The well-developed tusks in males curve outwards and project from the mouth. The lower tusk is typically 6 to 9 inches in length. The tusks are sharp and potent weapons as well as tools. The wild boar inhabits the scrub forests and are known to ravage crops. They descend on the fields after dark and feed in late evenings and early mornings. They feed on crops, grass, roots, insects, snakes, small reptiles and even the decaying flesh of dead animals. They have a powerful sense of smell, although sight and hearing is limited. They are intelligent and fearsome in combat and even a tiger is afraid of attacking a mature male. They can attack humans if threatened. The males are aggressive during mating season. Typically, the male charges with its head lowered, the tusks ready to slash the enemy viciously. The female charges and bites, especially when accompanied by piglets! They breed all year round and multiply rapidly with 4 to 6 young being born to a litter. The adult male is solitary when not breeding.

Wild Boar


Wild boars

Hoof-marks: The wild boar leaves a distinctive track when it walks.  It is a cloven-hoofed animal with 4 toes- 2 cleaves (at the front) and 2 dew claws (at the rear). The wild boar’s dew claws are located lower down on the leg and they touch the ground when it walks. Thus, the wild boar leaves imprints of all four toes, the front cleaves and the hind dew claws. Deer, by contrast, leave imprints of only the cleaves as their dew claws are located higher  up and do not touch the ground.

Wild boar hoof mark near lake at Aasrewali check dam, Morni hills
Remains of a wild boar killed by a leopard at Aasrewali, Morni hills


  1. The pig: a treatise on the breeds, management, feeding and medical treatment of swine; William Youatt (1847)
  2. The Wild Animals Of India; BNHS (1934)
  3. Wild Boar Hoof Prints; Gerard Gorman (2008)