Gular/ Goolar/ Cluster Fig Tree (Ficus racemosa/ F. glomerata) is a common, partially deciduous, tree of the sub-mountainous tract with medium to large stature. The tree is found upto an elevation of 1200 metres. The tree has a peculiarity that it sheds leaves during the monsoons and not during autumn or winter. The leaves are alternate 4-6 inches long and 2-3 inches broad. The old leaves fall all year round. New leaves appear during March-April and the figs appear directly on the trunk/ branches during April/May.
The fig is about 2 inches in diameter and is greyish when raw. It ripens to pinkish-red.
The fig is used as vegetable when raw. The ripe fig is sweet and has a pleasant aroma. The fig acts as a laxative and gives relief from cough, dysentery, etc. A ‘joshanda’ made out of dry leaves is considered helpful for cough, cold, asthama, worms, etc. The ascetics travelling to Taxila are said to have fed on gular figs while travelling through forests. Monkeys (Common Indian Macaque) feed on the gular figs.
The bark is greyish white and smooth.
Timber is moderately hard and grey when mature. Wood is not very strong and is useful for under water use. The wood is considered sacred. Raja Harishchandra’s crown and throne are said to have been made of its wood.Its used for Hindu yagnas.