Lion’s ear/ Christmas candlestick/Bara guma in Hindi (Leonotis nepetifolia)-an erect, tall, stout annual herb that is native to tropical Africa. It is commonly found on roadsides and on degraded land. It can grow upto 3 metres tall and the stems are four-angled. It has whorls of striking lipped orange flowers that are borne in rounded, spiny clusters. The stems appear to spike the orange clusters through the middle and new flower clusters grow on the stem above the older ones. It has soft, cordate, lush green serrated leaves. It grows gregariously often dominating the area. Its flowers are pollinated by bees and sunbirds. It gets its name ‘lion’s ear’ from the shape of its orange, furry, tubular flower.
- Common Indian Wildflowers, Isaac Kehimkar (2000)