Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) is a small bird, the size of a sparrow. The male is a lustrous black with white rump and abdomen. A prominent white patch on the wing is conspicous during flight. The female is earth-brown and the rump is pale, rusty coloured. The bird is visible in scrub forests in plains and hills upto 2500 metres. It preys on insect on the ground and even catches them in-flight. The male’s whistle during breeding season (February to May) is sweet. The song is also used to intimidate rivals alongwith menacing posturing by the males. It nests in a hole in the ground lined with grass, hair and wool.