Bhoj Balag

Bhoj Balag is one of the 14 bhojs of Morni Development Block. It has its own Panchayat. As per records of election department and records maintained under MNREGA, Bhoj Balag comprises 8 dhanis, namely, Balag बालग, Dayora दयोड़ा, Gajhan गजान, Kharog खरोग, Maadal माडल, Nathan नाथन, Rasun रसुन and Thala(pur) थला. *

Its population was 491 at the time of the 2001 census and is predominantly of Pandit caste (Sharmas) though there a number of Rajput households as well. Bhoj Balag  has 418 registered voters (230 male & 188 female) as on 1.1.2013.

Bhoj Balag is relatively one of  the smaller bhojs of Morni. The Bhoj Balag panchayat comprises Sarpanch Rajendra Pal and 6 Panches (including 2 women panches). Urmila Devi of Rasoon is one of the 10 Block Samiti members for the Morni Block.

The village wise breakup of number of voters gives an idea about the relative size of each of the 8 dhanis that comprise Bhoj Balag.

Rasoon 54
Nathan 19
Gajan 116
Kharog 101
Thala 12
Madal 8
Balag 70
Deyora 38

 

Village-wise breakup of voters of Bhoj Balag

Village-wise breakup of voters of Bhoj Balag

Breakup of voters of Bhoj Balag- Male-Female

* As per the Panchkula District Administration’s website Bhoj Balag comprises the following Dhanis- Balag, Chakla, Chanaidi, Daar, Dayora, Thalapur,  Gajhan-I, Gajhan-II, Ghat, Jodi Bagra, Kharog, Khech, Madal, Nargwari,  Nathan, Rasun. It is pertinent to note that new ‘dhanis’ get created and named all the time with the outlying cluster of houses of existing dhanis fashioning themselves into a brand new dhani, quite distinct from its parent!

MNREGA:

As of March 2013, it has 121 households (292 persons) registered for unskilled manual employment under MNREGA.

Basic Information:

PIN Code: 134205
Hadbast No. 325
Patwar Circle: Bhoj Jabial
Qanugo Circle: Morni
Sub Tehsil: Morni
Tehsil: Panchkula
Block: Morni
Police Post: Morni
Police Station: Chandimandir (at Sector 23, Panchkula)
Panchayat: Bhoj Balag

Village Code: 57116
Assembly Constituency: Kalka (Code No.1)
Parliamentary Constituency: Ambala (Code No. 1)
Polling Station: Bhoj Balag (No. 131)

Gajhan is the largest dhani of Bhoj Balag and occupies a high ridge that runs parallel to the south of the main NW-SE Morni ridge. Gajhan consists of a number of hamlets spread all over the hill-top. Rasoon, Madal and Thalapur lie on the spurs projecting to the south. Kharog occupies the northern slope that overlooks the Dangri’s khol to the north. Balag lies on the North-western extreme of the ridge.

Gajhan, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Gajhan, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Water harvesting pond, Gajhan

Water harvesting pond, Gajhan

Baoli at Gajhan,Morni hills

Baoli at Gajhan,Morni hills

Temple at Gajhan,Bhoj Balag, Morni Hills

Temple at Gajhan,Bhoj Balag, Morni Hills

Houses at Gajhan,Morni Hills

Houses at Gajhan,Morni Hills

Rasoon, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Rasoon, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Terraced fields, Rasoon

Terraced fields, Rasoon

Thalapur, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Thalapur, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

WHD at Thalapur, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

WHD at Thalapur, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Maadal, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Maadal, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

WHD at Maadal, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

WHD at Maadal, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Deora, Bhoj Balag

Deora, Bhoj Balag

School at Dayora

School at Deora

Forest Department:

The forest tower at Bhoj Balag

The forest tower at Bhoj Balag

Resorts:

Chandrawal Kunj is a popular resort located on a hill top near Balag. Rock View is a more recent cottage-hotel that has come up at Rasoon and offers a commanding view of the Tikkar tal.

Chandrawal Kunj Resort, Bhoj Balag

Chandrawal Kunj Resort, Bhoj Balag

Water harvesting pond, Chandrawal Kunj

Water harvesting pond, Chandrawal Kunj

Rock view, cottage hotel, Rasoon, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Rock view, cottage hotel, Rasoon, Bhoj Balag, Morni hills

Cottages:

Tikkar Cottage, Rasoon, Bhoj Balag

Tikkar Cottage, Rasoon, Bhoj Balag

Cottage at Rasoon, Bhoj Balag

Cottage at Rasoon, Bhoj Balag

'The Pioneer' Gajhan, Bhoj Balag

‘The Pioneer’ Gajhan, Bhoj Balag- One of the earliest cottages to be built at Morni

Dhanis of Morni ‘Ilaqa’

During the days of the British rule, the ‘Ilaqa of Morni’ formed a jagir of the Mir of Morni for which he paid revenue to the British government as was assessed and periodically revised by the British land revenue authorities. The entire revenue demand for the entire Morni ilaqa was fixed at Rs. 8726 after the Second Revised Settlement of Ambala District (1915-20). The Mir in turn, divided his ilaqa into 14 Bhojs that in turn consisted of 172 dhanis (hamlets). The headman of each dhani collected the revenue for his dhani and handed over the collection to the ‘karkun’ appointed by the Mir for his bhoj, after deducting 2% of the amount as incentive. The ‘karkuns’ in turn deposited the collection from the bhoj in the tehsil,  after deducting 5% of the amount as incentive.

With the introduction of the Panchayati raj, the dhanis falling in the Morni Development Block (the area of the block overlapping roughly with the Morni ilaqa under the Mirs) were divided between ‘Panchayats’ . The area of the new panchayats was overlapping with that of the corresponding bhojs in most cases. In the case of some of the larger bhojs, however, more than one panchayat was included under a single bhoj. The smallest Bhoj, Darara by contrast, itself fell within a larger Panchayat area. Today, the 286 dhanis* of the Morni block  are divided between 20 village Panchayats.

 

S.No.

MORNI BLOCK

PANCHAYAT

VILLAGES/ DHANIS

1

BALADWALA

6

BALADWALA, BARIWALA, DADYON, RAMPUR SER JAVAIN, THAPALPUR, TURO VAS-I

2

BHOJ KOTI

43

ALAI, BARVA, BARWANI, BEHNNI, BHADAR, BHALYO, BHOJ KOTI, CHAPUDI, CHHAMLA, CHPOLI, DALANA, DAMASHA, DAMDOLI, DARDA, DATHROTI, DEVRI, DHARI, GHANN, GHATI, JABBAL, JAKHARON, JAMNIA, KANGAR, KARAG, KATALKISHER, KATHI, KHAGHTUA, KHARAK, KHATI, KOHLYON, KOTI, KUTAL, LAROG, MAHMAL, MAJHAR, PALANI, PAROLI, RUNJA, SONCH, SONGTHAL, SUKBAIN, THAMOG, TIKKAR

3

BHOJ BALAG

8

BHOJ BALAG, DAYORA, GAJHAN-I, KHAROG, MADAL, NATHAN, RASUN, THALAPUR

4

BHOJ DHARTI

13

BANOLU, BEHLON, BHANGAR, BHOJ DHARTI  , BHUDI, DAPANA, KATTAL, SILION, SILLI, SIRMDA, THANNA, TIKRI, URDYON

5

BHOJ JABYAL

15

BHALLYON, CHAILA, CHAMKHA, KAJAR, KAVNKTA, KISHANPURA,                 KOL KATAL, KONGTA, MAJHOLI, MANDI, MORNI  , RAMSAR, SANOI, SHERLA, TAPDA

6

BHOJ KOTHI

21

AMABRI, BAROD, BHOJ KOTHI, BIJYON, CHAKALY, CHILLA, DAKAR, DALL, DANDOLI, DEVARI, HANDYON, JAMANYAR, KAYARTA, KHANYO, PAPROLA, PATHROTI, PYOG, RUNNJA, SUKHBAYEN, SUNN, TAPAR

7

BHOJ KUDANA

20

BAGHWALI, BARAT, BHAMNNOL, BHIYULA,    BHOJ KUDANA, BOUNTA, DHARKHET, DHARWALA, DIGHANN, DUH, DUNDAL, LAD, LOHARO, MANDHEDI, MARAD, MATHANA, MAU,  MEHARWALA, SAMROTHA,  TIKAR

8

BHOJ MATOUR

8

CHADHI, CHOGHATI KA VAS, GABLA VAS, JANSU, MANDHNA, PANDITON KA VAS, SIRE KA VAS, THATHR

9

BHOJ NAITA

10

AMMDI, BACHACHHDO, BHOJ NAITA, BIDHANA, JOHARI, KHARTA, MAROG, RIVADI, RUG, SAMRAL

10

BHOJ PONTA

17

BAISKA   , BANSWALA, BELWANI, BHOGPOOR, CHEEDWALA, CHHATA TIKKAR, DABOR, DAHK WALA, DHARDA, KATLLY, KHETDA, LASAWA, MAYSUN, NARVAD, PONTA, SHER GUJRAN, VEENA KHADUN

11

BHOJ RAJPURA

10

BHOJ RAJPURA, BHOOD PATIYA, CHUHADPUR, DHARMPUR BEED,                  DUNGA, JIYA, JOULI, MOHLI WALA, RANNA, THATHAR-I

12

BHOJ TIPRA

10

BHARAT, BHOJ TIPRA, CHAPLANA, DAKORI, DHAMAN, HARSHO, KAINAN, REWADI, SARADI, SOG

13

DABSU

25

BAJIRIWALA, BELLA, BHEDIWALA, DABSU, DEENDHARLA, DERA,                 DHARLA, DUDHALA, GAGYANA, GANDLAM, GHATA, HARTA, JABAL, JAMLA, KADERAN, KAMRADI, KATAL, KHEEL, MATOLI, MODDI, MOHARI, NEEMWALA, SERTA, SILLY, SINGHWALA

14

DUDH GARH

2

DUDH GARH, KADIYANI

15

PLASRA

7

AMBOA, BAG, KHAIRI, KHOPAR, LED, NAGNASU, PLASRA

16

RAJI TIKRI

21

BADOLI, BHOJ NAGAL, BHOOD, BHURH, BUNGA, CHADYANA, DAYODA    , DEVERA, DHANIR, HARA GHAT, KATLI,              KHAWBA, KHOWNA, LAIT, MANJHYON, PAPLOH, PIPAL KHIL, RAJI TIKRI, TALURI, THANDUT, THAR

17

SABILPUR

3

BALOUTI, MAWAS, SABILPUR

18

THANDOG

32

BADIYAL,  BANGH, BAYULA, CHALYON ARLA-I, CHEENA, CHHANDORA KHEEL, CHOD, CHOLYON- PARLA-II, DHAR, DONGI       , GADIO, GAR, SEHAT, GAWAHI, GRON, JAYOG, KOHLAN, KUNNA, MAHROLI, MAKHANI, MALON, MARWANNI, REDUA, SAHET, SALYAO, SAMLOG, SAWAHI, SHALYON, REDRUA, SONTHAL, THAILI, THANA, THANDOG, THATHA

19

THAPLI

10

BALU, BARUN, BHARAL, BHUD, DAGRANA,     JONPUR, KUMBHWALA,  MATAUR, NADAWALA, THAPLI

20

UTTARON

11

AADAYON, BADARA, BHINVAR, CHANIANNA,  HATHIAN, KAMDOL, KATIANA, SALYON, SARYON, TELYON, UTTARON

 

* The list of dhanis is not exhaustive and has been taken from the data prepared under MNREGA. All the major hamlets have, however, been included. The Panchkula District Administration website lists 369 dhanis under the 20 panchayats of Morni Development Block (includes all the 286 under MNREGA with slight variations in the way the names are spelt). The list as per records of election department differs from both the above lists!

Apart from the aforesaid dhanis that fall under the jurisdiction of the Morni Development Block there are also dhanis and panchayats that fall in the area of Morni foothills and are included in the Barwala, Raipurrani and Pinjore Development blocks. Prominent among these are the following:-

S.No.

BARWALA BLOCK

PANCHAYAT

VILLAGES/ DHANIS

1

BERWALA NANDLA

BERWALA, AASREWALI

2

BHARAULI

BHARAULI, BHOOD

3

BUNGA

BELWALI, BUNGA

4

KHET PURALI

DULLO PUR, KHET PURALI

5

TIBBI

TIBBI

6

TRILOK PUR

TRILOK PUR

 

S.No.

RAIPUR RANI BLOCK

PANCHAYAT

VILLAGES/ DHANIS

1

BHOOD

BHOOD

2

MEERPUR

MEERPUR

3

MASUMPUR

MASUMPUR

Morni Bhojs & Panchayats

 

Sr. No.

BHOJ

2001 Census

Village Panchayat Code

Village Panchayat Name

1.

RAJPURA

2347

27567

BALDAWALA

2.

27578

RAJPURA

3.

DHARTI

1112

27569

DHARTI

4.

JABYAL

1220

27570

JABYAL

5.

KOTI

1364

27571

KOTI-DARDA

6.

KOTHI

480

27572

KOTHI

7.

KUDANA

1167

27573

KUDANA

8.

BALAG

491

27568

BALAG

9.

NAITA

531

27575

NAITA

10.

PONTA

1154

27577

PONTA

11.

TIPRA

871

27579

TIPRA

12.

PALASRA

1722

241007

PALASARA

13.

MATOUR

3060

27574

MATOUR

14.

27584

SABILPUR

15.

27585

THAPLI

16.

27582

DUDHGARH

17.

NAGGAL

2959

27580

DABSU

18.

27581

THANDOG

19.

27583

RAJI TIKRI

20.

27586

UTTARON

DARARA

253

During the British times, the 14 bhojes of Morni formed the ‘Jagir’ of the Mir of Kotaha. The Mir had to pay the British government revenue for his jagir as assessed from time to time. The Mir in turn entrusted the work of revenue collection to ‘karkuns’ who were the lambardars in Morni ilaqa for the purpose of the Land Revenue Act. The Mir had appointed 16 karkuns for the entire jagir, 1 for each bhoj barring Bhoj Naggal and Bhoj Matour, each of which had 2 karkuns. 14 bhojes were in turn divided into 172 hamlets, each with a headman. The headmen did the actual work of revenue collection and the proceeds were handed over to the karkun, less 2% which was deducted by the headman (a concession/incentive that was allowed by the Mir). The karkuns in turn deposited the revenue in the tehsil after deducting their share of 5% of the revenue collected by them (pachotra cess) .

The “Bhoj” System seems to have been borrowed from the Sirmur State that had overlordship over the Morni Ilaqa for long periods of time. Sirmur was divided into 4 tehsils and 12 waziris. Each waziri was divided into bhojes – the 12 waziris being divided into 119 bhojes. An official called ‘Guldar’, a corruption of ‘ghaladar’ (literally a store-keeper of grain) was in charge of each waziri. He was also called ‘jamandar ‘and had a ‘barati’ or ‘chaprasi’ under him. These officials often lived in the capital and visited their charges to perform their function. Each Bhoj had a ‘siana’ or headman and over each group of two or more bhojes there was a ‘chontru’ or ‘zaildar’. A ‘siana’ had a ‘dhimedar’ as his deputy. Each Bhoj comprised a number of hamlets which had a common meeting place for amusements and social or religious gatherings, subscriptions being raised throughout the Bhoj in cash and kind for common objects. The Bhoj system got disturbed with the Land Revenue Settlement of  1890 when separate Lambardaris were established for smaller village units – each comprising a large group of houses with a temple of its own, a common thrashing floor (khalian), a common shed for storing grain (kharoli) and a common stove (bhat) for frying grain for sattu.

References:

1. Gazetteer of the Sirmur State 1934

Villages of Morni

‘Villages’ in Morni area range from isolated hamlets hidden within dense forests in narrow valleys (like Kadiyani) to clusters of stone houses on a forested hill-tops (like Diyothi) to large town-sized villages (like Mandana and Jabyal). The contiguous clusters of houses typically comprise the numerous ‘Dhanis’ that are then organized into the ’14 Bhojs of Morni’.

The Bhoj was primarily a revenue collection unit under the Rajput Rajahs of Sirmaur  that was retained as such by the later rulers, the Meers of Kotaha. It also served as a  point for shared community activities like celebration of festivals, marriages etc and for pooling of resources like setting up of granaries etc by the hill people. The system of Bhojs eventually gave way to the Panchayats that are in some cases contiguous with the Bhojs. In other cases a single Bhoj subsumes several Panchayats and in other cases the Panchayat area is larger than that of the Bhoj.

The villages are, however, invariably scenic.

 

Mandana Village

Khadoon Bana, Morni-Raipur Rani Road